From Bloom’s Quick Reference Guide
List of Measurable Verbs Used to Assess Learning Outcomes
Bloom's Taxonomy of Educational Objectives (1956): Cognitive Skills
A group of educators, led by Benjamin Bloom, identified a hierarchy of six categories of cognitive skills: knowledge, comprehension, application, analysis, synthesis and evaluation. As students learn, they start with the knowledge level and progress through the hierarchy. Thus, advanced courses should include skills at a higher level than introductory or basic skills courses. Below you will find a web-resource as well as a list of measurable verbs to assist you in writing course objectives and assess learning outcomes.
Objective-Builder Resource: http://teachonline.asu.edu/objectives-builder/
Knowledge Level: The successful student will recognize or recall learned information.
list record underline state define arrange name relate describe tell recall memorize recall repeat recognize label
Comprehension Level: The successful student will restate or interpret information in their own words.
explain describe report translate express summarize identify compare discuss restate locate review
illustrate tell critique estimate
Application Level: The successful student will use or apply the learned information.
apply sketch perform use solve respond practice construct role-play demonstrate conduct execute complete dramatize employ
Analysis Level: The successful student will examine the learned information critically.
analyze inspect test distinguish categorize critique differentiate catalogue
diagnose appraise quantify extrapolate
calculate measure theorize experiment
Synthesis Level: The successful student will create new models using the learned information.
develop revise compose plan formulate collect build propose
construct create establish prepare
design integrate devise organize
Evaluation Level: The successful student will assess or judge the value of learned information.
review appraise choose justify argue conclude assess rate
compare defend score evaluate
report on select interpret investigate measure support